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The Origin of Flowers and Roses

I wanted to know the origin of flowers and plants. This made me browse through some sites. Then i came upon a site where i could find my answer. I wanted to share those facts here.

There is a zeal in every botanist to know the details of the fossils of his interest, i.e., plants and flowers. This zeal made people to discover, and put forward the information about the oldest known fossils of the world.

According to scientists, Mosses were the first plants to emerge on land some 425 million years ago, followed by firs, ginkgoes, conifers and several other varieties. And fossil record says that flowering plants abruptly appeared out of nowhere about 130 million years ago.

The still unanswered questions are, Where did they come from, and how could they have evolved so suddenly without any transitional fossil links to other ancient plant species? This mystery remains a puzzle and refered as "An abominable mystery" by 19th-century naturalist Charles Darwin.

Later, a team of Stanford geochemists research indicates that the descendants of flowering plants may have originated during the Permian period, between 290 and 245 million years ago," says J. Michael Moldowan, research professor of geological and environmental sciences.

The main compound through which findings are made is an organic compound called oleanane, which we find in the fossil record. Accordingly, Gigantopterids, an extinct plant group that lived some 250 million years ago, may be the oldest relatives of roses, daffodils and other flowering plants. Fossilized deposits of gigantopterids contain this oleanane an organic chemical found in modern flowering plants but absent in pines and other seed plants.

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