Specific Flower Fragrances
Although many flowers are fragrant, some flowers gained popularity because of their having exceptionally fragrances. Some of those flowers with high fragrances, infact unique fragrances are dealt with here.
One of the most valuable elements of a fine perfume is provided by the rose, known as the "queen of flowers". Rose perfumes were very popular with the Romans and the Greeks. Rose flowers are gathered at night since they carry fragrance before sunrise. The two main species of roses used in perfume are the Rosa centifolia, found in the South of France, and the rosa damascena (Damask Rose) located primarily in Arab countries. The damask rose is most widely grown for perfumery.
Jasmine, another "absolute," or pure essence, gives a perfume a well-rounded, finished quality. Jasmine flowers are harvested when their fragrance is at its peak just before dawn. The flowers must be processed immediately before their freshness and fragrances fade away. The jasmine must also be placed in special baskets to prevent the flowers from bruising, and unbalancing the flower's natural bouquet.
Violets have been used in perfumes throughout the ages because of their varied fragrances. They used violets in both perfumes and medicines. There are two varieties of violets most commonly used in perfumes, the Victoria Violet and the Parma Violet. Violets only produce a scant amount of essential oils, and are rarely used today. A synthetic replacement for violet is most commonly used, along with other essential oils resembling the violet.
The Lily (Lillium) is a hearty bulb that can be planted in fall or spring. In the whole lily spectrum, there is something for everyone, from easy-to-grow, long-lived garden plants to the more difficult and rare species. Their summer blooms are the highlight of the garden, and they are long-lasting as cut flowers. Most lilies bloom between June and August, and the large, trumpet shaped flowers feature a variety of colors, designs and fragrances.
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The orange flower is the traditional flower of brides all over the world, essentially because of its fragrance. Orange flower is one of the most versatiles producing essential oils for this scent. Its blossoms provide orange flower absolute. Orange flower oil or "neroli" was named after the Italian Princess of Neroli. She began the fashion of using the oil for scented gloves. Oil of "petit grain" is obtained by distillation from the leaves and twigs. Orange flowers are grown in the south of France, Spain, Italy and North Africa.
Ylang-ylang is widely used for fine fragrance. This flower is found throughout South-East Asia. The ylang-ylang is not picked until the buds have been open for two to three weeks. After they have been gathered, they must be processed quickly. This oil is commonly used, but synthetic versions, and cananga oil is often substituted in less expensive perfumes.
Plumerias are beautiful and fragrant trees. Their flowers are used to make the Hawaian leis. These flowers are treasured by the Polynesian Islanders for their durability, fragrances and colors of whites, yellows, pinks, reds, and multiple pastels. Flowering can last up to 3 months at a time producing new blooms everyday. Once picked, a bloom can last for several days without wilting if kept in water.
Below given is a list of some such flowers with great and lovely fragrances-