Virginia State Flower
American Dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) was adopted as the state flower of Virginia in 1918. Dogwoods are commonly seen in northern temperate regions of the U.S. The American Dogwood flowers are small and consists of four showy petal-like bracts, usually snow white or pink.
American Dogwood flowers are highly modified leaves that perform reproductive functions for the plant. The flowers occur in small, greenish - yellow, inconspicuous clusters at the center and above four large, showy white to pinkish bracts. The Dogwood flower bracts are 1-2 inches long and obovate in shape, usually with a cleft at the tip. There are clusters of bright red football shaped fruits, about a half inch long, following the Dogwood flowers and often remain until winter. Flowering occurs in late April and early May.
Facts About American Dogwood
- American Dogwoods are the hard decidous flowering plants growing to 15 to 20 feet tall.
- American Dogwoods have oppositely arranged, oval shaped leaves which are 3-6 inches long and 2-3 inches wide.
- American Dogwoods plant's bark is deeply ridged, rough, broken, and resembles crocodile skin.
- American Dogwood's leaves grow up to 5 inches long and 2 1/2 inches wide, green with short stalks, with pale green at the underside of the leaf.
- There are deeply notched bracts near the cluster of flowers, (this formation is often mistaken for the flower).
- There are small berries or fruits(drupes) are scarlet red, oval shaped growing in clusters, with 1-2 seeds inside it.
- The flowering period in Cornus florida is May.
- In the fall, the tree becomes yellow through red, but usuallly dark red.
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List of all State Flowers
Facts About Virginia
The capital city of Virginia is Richmond. Virginia attained its statehood on June 25, 1788. Virginia's official state flag was adopted in 1861.
- Nickname of Virginia state is The Old Dominion; Mother of Presidents.
- Virginia's land area is 24231 sq.mi.
- Virginia state is located in between 37.531N, 77.474W of the U.S.
- Virginia's bordering States are Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
- Virginia's Major Industries are: Agriculture, Government and Manufacturing (Transportation Equipment and Textiles), Food Processing, Printing.
- Virginia apples are grown in more than 18,000 acres of land.
- Virginia is the Internet Capital of the world.
- Historical Sites in Virginia are: Mt. Vernon, home of George Washington; Monticello, home of Thomas Jefferson; Stratford, home of Robert E. Lee, Confederate general; Arlington House, the Robert E. Lee Memorial; Richmond, capital of both the Confederacy and of the state today; Booker T. Washington's birthplace near Roanoke; Colonial Williamsburg.
- Virginia's interesting places are Shenandoah National Park; Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Parks; the Skyline Drive; and the Blue Ridge National Parkway.