Texas State Flower
Bluebonnet (Lupinas) is the Texas State Flower. The Texas Legislature designated all species of Bluebonnet as the state flowers of Texas in 1971.
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The Bluebonnet, Texas State Flower, is a major attraction in Central Texas during springtime. Bluebonnets grow in half wooden barrels, Raised flower beds, hanging baskets, mixtures, on hillsides, roadsides and meadows.
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The mildly fragrant racemes on the Bluebonnet are in shades of lavender, 8-12 cm long, and each raceme contains 25-40 florets. Each blue bonnet flower floret is 1-2 cm long and has a 3-6 mm wide white banner spot in the center of the banner petal. This spot often turns to reddish purple with age, but the Bluebonnet florets sometimes shrivel before the color change takes place.
The pedicel of the Bluebonnet flower has a length of 6-12 mm and the flower spike stem's diameter is 2-4 mm. The Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis) specie is the favorite of the Texans.
Facts About The Bluebonnet
- The genus of Bluebonnet, Lupinus subcarnosus is also known as Buffalo clover, wolf flower, and by the Mexicans - el conejo.
- Texas Bluebonnet is a hardy winter annual native to Texas.
- bluebonnet Flowers are densely arranged on a spike with a characteristic ice white terminal tip.
- As the Texas Bluebonnet flower ages, one of the top petals turns purple-red.
- Blooming period of the Bluebonnet flowers is between March-May.
- The last racemes of the Bluebonnet, produced during the season tend to be shorter than the first racemes.
- At full bloom, the Texas Bluebonnet plants are 30-50 cm tall, 50-70 cm in diameter, and have a mounded form.
- The foliage of Texas Bluebonnet is yellow-green and is composed of alternate, palmately compound leaves generally with 5 leaflets. Each individual leaflet is oblanceolate, 3-5 cm long, and 12-16 mm wide at the widest position. Petiole length is 4-6 cm. Pods (30-50 mm long and 6-10 mm wide) become visible about one month after anthesis, are densely pubescent, and contain 4-7 seeds each.
- Seeds of Texas Bluebonnets are light brown occasionally speckled with black.
- April 24 is Texas State Wildflower Day.
Facts About Texas State
Texas joined the United States in 1845 as the 28th state, after nearly ten years as the Republic of Texas, an independent country. Austin is the capital city of Texas. Texas was admitted to Statehood on December 29, 1845. The Texas State flag was adopted in 1845.
- Texas is a state in the South and Southwest regions of the United States, between Latitude = 25'50'N to 36'30'N| Longitude = 93'31'W to 106'38'W.
- Texas has an area of 268,820 square miles (696,241 km2) and a population of 22.5 million, Texas is the second largest U.S. state in both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous 48 states of U.S.
- Border States of Texas include, Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma.
- Major Industries of Texas are petroleum and natural gas, farming (cotton, livestock), steel, banking, insurance, tourism.
- Texas state nickname is The Lone Star State.
- State Motto is Friendship.
- Texas has three major climatic types which are classified as Continental, Mountain, and Modified Marine.
- Origin of the Name Texas came from The Caddo Indians of eastern Texas called their group of tribes the Tejas, meaning those who are friends.
- Texas economy today relies largely on information technology, oil and natural gas, energy exploration and energy trading, agriculture, and manufacturing.
- Points of Interest in Texas are: Gulf Coast resort area, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, State Capital in Austin, and the Big Bend and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks.
- Texas has a comprehensive educational system, numerous museums, interesting historical sites, and a wide variety of outdoor recreation opportunities.
- The oldest institution of higher education in Texas is the Southwestern University, in Georgetown, founded in 1840. The Texas state is dominated by three main universities: The University of Texas, Texas A&M, and Baylor University.
- Texas has historically a larger than life reputation, especially in cowboy films.