Indiana State Flower
The Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)is the Indiana State flower. The Peony was adopted as the state flower by the General Assembly in 1957. Peony is extremely popular for decorating grave sites for Memorial Day and is cultivated widely throughout the state. Peony flowers are extensively grown as ornamental plants for their very large, often scented cut flowers.
Peony is a herbaceous perennial, with 30 species, but some are woody shrubs with 10 species. Peony is native to Asia, Southern Europe and Western North America. Peony is one of the oldest plants cultivated. Peony was in cultivation in China about 1,400 to 4,000 years ago.
The Peony’s exquisite, large blossoms, often fragrant, make excellent cut flowers and the foliage provides a background for annuals or other perennials.
The Peony features five or more large outer petals called guard petals. At the center of the Peony are the stamens or modified stamens. The Peony plant produces large, fragrant flowers in shades of red to white or yellow, light pink to magenta in late spring and early summer.
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Varieties Of Peony
- Single forms: Single forms of Peony have centers of pollen-bearing stamens.
- Semi-Double: Centers of semi-double Peony forms consist of broad petals intermingled with pollen-bearing stamens.
- Double Peony: Double Peony types have dense centers of only broad petals (transformed stamens).
- Anemone Form: The anemone form of Peony, often included in the semi-double category, may have more than one row of guard petals encircling a center of thin, petal-like structures.
- Japanese type: Japanese type Peony is similar to the anemones but has staminodes (stamens that do not produce pollen) in their centers.
Facts About The Peony
- The Peony is a perennial favorite in the flower garden. Few herbaceous plants can rival the Peonies for floral display and foliage.
- Along with the plum, Peony is a traditional floral symbol of China.
- The Peony blooms the last of May and early June.
- Peony represents elegance and poise.
- Owing to its beauty, the Chinese call the Peony – King of flowers or the Flower Fairy.
- The Japanese name for the Peony, Ebisugusuri, means medicine from China. In traditional folk medicine, Peony root was used as a treatment for menstrual cramps, asthma and convulsions.
- There are two types of Peony grown in home gardens: Garden Peony or Paeonia hybrids, and Tree Peony or Paeonia suffruticosa.
- Peonies can be effected by fatal fungal diseases, which include Phytophthora blight and Verticillium wilt.
- Dried Peony flowers make fantastic focal points for use in wreaths.
Facts About Indiana
Indianapolis is the State Capital of Indiana. Indiana became a state on December 11, 1816, as the 19th state in the U.S. The Indiana state flag was adopted by the Indiana General Assembly in 1917.
- Indiana state is located between 39.776N, 086.146W.
- Indiana is situated in the north central United States.
- Indiana is bordered by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan (N), Ohio (E), Kentucky, Ohio (S), and Illinois (W).
- Total land area of Indiana is 36,420 square miles, and is the 38th largest state in the USA.
- Between 1931 to 1957, the Zinnia was the state flower.
- Indiana’s nickname is Hoosier State.
- Indiana’s motto is The Crossroads of America.
- Indiana’s economy depends upon Agriculture: Corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products, eggs; Industry: Steel, electric equipment, transportation equipment, chemical products, petroleum and coal products, machinery.
- Historic Parke County in Indiana has 32 covered bridges and is the Covered Bridge Capital of the world.
- Indiana has more miles of Interstate Highway per square mile than any other state.
- Among the institutions of higher learning in Indiana are Indiana Univ., Purdue Univ., The Univ., of Notre Dame, Indiana State Univ., DePauw Univ., Valparaiso Univ., Wabash College, Earlham College, and Goshen College.
- Historical Sites in Indiana are Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, George Rogers Clark National Historical Park, Amish Acres, Conner Prairie Pioneer Settlement, Historic Fort Wayne.
- Points of interest in Indiana state are Wyandotte Cave, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Indiana Dunes, Holiday World, Brown County craft shops.
- Santa Claus, Indiana receives over one half million letters and requests at Christmas time.