Florida State Flower
The Florida State Flower is the Orange blossom (citrus sinensis). The orange blossom, like most citruses, is native to subtropical Southeast Asia. The orange blossom was designated the state flower on Nov.15, 1909. The orange blossom is one of the most fragrant flowers in Florida.
Orange blossom is the waxy, white blossom of the orange tree. Orange blossom are very fragrant. The Orange blossoms bloom in clusters of 1-6 during in spring and result in oranges the following autumn or winter. Last year's oranges often are still on the trees when the new Orange blossom are blooming.
Orange blossoms are perfect, with 5 petals and sepals. The petals on the Orange blossom are linear, sometimes curved lengthwise, and thick. The sepals fuse at base of the Orange blossom to form a small cup. Stamens on the Orange blossom number 20-25, and are arranged in a tight, columnar whorl around the gynoecium.
A globular, green ovary in the Orange blossom subtends a thin style, which terminates in a pronounced, donut-shaped stigma. The ovary on the Orange blossom is compound with 10-14 locules in most commercial cultivars. The position of the ovary is superior, and subtended by raised nectary disc on the Orange blossom. The Orange blossoms are borne in axillary cymes. Orange blossom is the only state flower from which a commercial perfume is made.
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Facts About Orange blossom
- The sweet orange tree, which bears the orange blossom, is a compact evergreen tree, 20-30" tall with a rounded, symmetrical crown spreading 15-20" or so.
- The Orange twigs on many cultivars are thorny. The bark of the orange tree is greenish-brown color, having axillary spines on the branches.
- The leaves of Orange blossoms are shiny and leathery, oblong to elliptic, up to 4 inches long, and have narrow wings on their petioles (leaf stems).
- The Sweet Orange Fruit is a large, round multiple of drupes that is 4-5 inches in diameter. The fruit is roundish, golden-yellow or tawny, and several-celled, with a fleshy, juicy pulp. The Sweet Orange seeds are white and several. The cysts in the rind are convex (L.). The Sweet Orange fruit has a very distinctive citrus scent.
- Orange oil can be an effective grease cutter, and it has become popular in some commercial cleaners.
Facts About Florida
Florida is flamboyantly nicknamed the Sunshine State, Alligator State, Everglade State, the Orange State, the Flower State, the Peninsula State, the Land of Flowers. Florida's official state flag was adopted in 1900.
- In 1513, Ponce DeLeon, was seeking the mythical Fountain of Youth, and discovered Florida , claiming it for Spain. Later, Florida was sold to the United States in 1819.
- Florida's capital city is Tallahassee, which houses the state's most eminent educational institutions.
- These include Florida State University, Florida A & M University, and Tallahassee Community College.
- Florida became the 27th state admitted to the Union on March 3,1845.
- Florida is suitably located on the southern tip of the U.S.
- Florida's border states include Georgia on the north and Alabama on the west.
- Florida's total land area is 170,451 square kilometer.
- Florida is also the hub for trade and agriculture. However, Florida's largest city is Jacksonville, which is also considered the largest city in the South, outside of Texas.
- Florida's Motto is In God we trust (1970).
- The production of orange juice became a multi-million dollar industry in Florida during the Second World War.
- In Agriculture, Florida leads the southeast in farm income.
- Florida produces about 75% of the total U.S. orange production and accounts for about 40% of the world's orange juice supply.
- Florida is the 26th largest State.
- Florida's largest cities include Jacksonville, Miami, Tampa, Saint Petersburg, and Hialeah.
- Florida's world famous attractions are, Walt Disney World, Busch Gardens, Sea World, Universal Studios and Florida Islands of Adventure.
- Other universities of Florida include: The University of Central Florida, University of Florida, University of Miami, University of North Florida, University of South Florida, Warner Southern College, Webber International University, and the Yeshivah Gedolah Rabbinical College.