Arizona State Flower
Saguaro, a cactus blossom, is the state flower of Arizona. Saguaro is the largest cactus in the USA, and one of the most unique state flowers. Saguaro flowers are waxy and very fragrant. Saguaro is also called Sahuaro. Saguaro cactus blossom was adopted by Arizona as the State flower in 1931.
The Saguaro flowers are creamy-white, 3-inch-wide with yellow centers. Saguaro flowers bloom in May and June. The Saguaro blossoms are clustered near the ends of branches. Saguaro flowers open during cooler desert nights and close again by next midday. The sweetly scented Saguaro flowers attract bees and flies through the blooming season.
A dense group of yellow stamens forms a circle at the top of the tube of the Saguaro cactus.The Saguaro has more stamens per flower than any other desert cactus. By July, the Saguaro flowers become red-fleshed fruits that feed doves migrating from Mexico.
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Facts About Saguaro
- The flower bearing areoles of Saguaro are closer together and have denser yellowish acicular spines.
- Bats and doves are the main pollinators of the Saguaro flowers.
- The greenish to reddish edible Saguaro fruit ripens a month later and can be eaten raw or made into jam and pastries.
- The Saguaro fruit has a red pulp and black seeds and when the fruit is half-eaten by the wild life, from distance, it looks like a red flower.
- Saguaro are extremely large treelike cactus of desert regions of southwestern United States with a thick columnar sparsely branched trunk.
- Saguaro cactus bear white flowers and edible red pulpy fruit.
- Saguaro are one of the most characteristic plants of the Sonoran Desert, reaching a height of 12 metres and an age up to 200 years.
- The Saguaro has a surprisingly shallow root system.
- The Saguaro has a slow growth and a great capacity to store water that allows it to flower every year, regardless of the state of rainfall.
- Seeds from the Saguaro fruit are prolific, with as many as 4,000 on a single fruit -- probably the largest number per flower of any desert cactus.
- In the wild, Saguaro takes over 100 years to be tall enough for an arm to develop.
- Under cultivation, with proper care, when planted outside in the proper climate, Saguaro can grow 8 inches a year (20 cm) or more.
- The Saguaro fruit has long been used by the Papago and Pima Indians who harvest the fruits and make syrup.
- The most frequent Saguaros killer is lightning.
List of all State Flowers
Facts About Arizona
- The capital ity of Arizona is Phoenix.
- Arizona is nicknamed as the Grand Canyon State.
- Arizona's Motto is Ditat Deus meaning God enriches.
- Arizona attained statehood on February 14, 1912 (48th).
- Arizona's name originated from the Spanish interpretation of arizuma, an Aztec Indian word meaning silver-bearing.
- The largest cities of Arizona are Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale, Scottsdale.
- Arizona is bordered by California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah states.
- Arizona's land area is composed of 113,642 sq. mi., which makes it the 6th largest in the U.S.
- The highest point in Arizona is the 12,633 feet, 12th Humphrey's Peak.
- Arizona's most abundant mineral is copper.
- Arizona is home of the Grand Canyon National Park.
- Arizonans still don't enjoy even the national average in income. In 1990, Arizona ranked 35th, with per-capita income 87.9 percent of the national average. By 1999, that percentage was 88.3 percent, still ranked 35th (and those numbers are adjusted for cost of living).
- Arizona State University, Northern Arizona University, The University of Arizona, are the Universities of Arizona.
- The London Bridge at Western Arizona's Lake Havasu City is the largest antique ever sold to the United States.
- Arizona is home to many places of interest such as the Canyon De Chelly National Monument, Chiricahua National Monument, and unusual wildlife, in a remote corner of Arizona, Grand Canyon National Park(the most famous Park in America), Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument(rocky desert with rare cacti).
- Arizona's historic sites include Casa Grande Ruins National Monument and Coronado National Memorial.
- Arizona's other scenic places include The Apache Trail - the dramatic road from Phoenix to Roosevelt Lake, and Ironwood Forest National Monument - the mountainous part of the Sonoran Desert.