Mexico National Flower
Dahlia pinnata is the national flower of Mexico. Dahlias originated from the mountainous regions of Mexico and Central America and Colombia. Dahlia pinnata is a genus of bushy, summer and autumn flowering plant. Dahlia pinnata flowers are species having tuberous roots and showy rayed variously colored flower heads.
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Facts about Dahlia pinnata
- Dahlia pinnata is a tuberous perennial, growing to 1 m tall.
- The Dahlia pinnata flower petals are used in salads.
- The Dahlia pinnata flowers are hermaphrodites and are pollinated by insects.
- The first modern dahlia hybrids are the result of crossing between Dahlia coccinea and possibly Dahlia pinnata.
- Dahlia pinnata is used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species.
Growing Dahlia pinnata
- They can be grown by seeds and tubers.
- Dahlia pinnata requires a deep rich soil and a sunny position.
- Plant tubers flat with the eye pointed up.
- Plant 3-6 inches deep and 18-24 inches apart.
- During planting, bone meal or a low nitrogen fertilizer can be added.
- Do not water the tubers at planting time.
- The shoots take 2-4 weeks to emerge.
- When the plant has 4 sets of leaves, cut or pinch the center shoot, which produces shorter, bushier plants with more flowers.
- Removal of old blossoms promotes more blooms and keeps the plant growing vigorously.
Caring Dahlia pinnata
- Slugs and snails can be a major problem, for which slug bait is recommended.
- To avoid damaging the tubers, stake before or at planting.
- Over watering early in the season can rot the tubers.
- Too much nitrogen fertilizer can cause excessive vegetative growth and fewer blooms.
Facts About Mexico
The official name of Mexico is Estados Unidos Mexicanos which is translated as The United Mexican States. Mexico city is the capital city of Mexico. Mexican flag was adopted on 16 September 1968.
- Total land area of Mexico is 1,972,550 sq km.
- Mexican Climate is Tropical to desert type.
- Mexico got its independence from Spain on 16 September 1810.
- Mexican government is federal republic.
- Mexico is bordered by the United States of America to the north, Belize and Guatamala to the south, and is bounded on two sides by the Gulf of Mexico to the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
- Mexico is the world's greatest producer of silver.
- Over 70% of its revenue comes from exporting petroleum to the USA.
- The important industries include, food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism.
- The National Autonomous University of Mexico, founded in 1551 is the most important and largest university in Mexico.
- Mexican natural resources are Petroleum, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.
- Agriculture products include: Corn, beans, oilseeds, feed grains, fruit, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, winter vegetables.
- Cancun, one of the most visited cosmopolitan cities in the world; Cozumel, the scuba diving Mecca; Mujeres Island, the island of dreams; Playa del Carmen, the biggest city of the Mayan riverside; Chetumal, a modern coastal city, capital of Quintana Roo State; Campeche, Valladolid and Villahermosa, colonial cities par excellence, Merida, the oldest city in the Yucatan State; Progreso y Veracruz, important cities with archaeological sites are the popular places in Mexico.