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National Flowers - Facts and Interesting Information

National Flowers are symbols representing a country. Some national flowers have cultural or religious roots that go back hundreds or even thousands of years and may or may not have been officially adopted.

For detailed information and pictures of each country's national flower, click on the country name. You can also find the symbolism or the meaning of flowers. Lily, Tulips and Iris serve as National Flowers of various countries.

Did you know? The Rose is the national flower of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Maldives. It is also the official flower of several states and the province of Alberta. The rose once served as Honduras' national flower as well.

List Of National Flowers by Country
Country National Flower Interesting Information
Antigua & Barbuda Dagger's Log (Agave Karatto Miller) The yellow colored flowers rise from the large rosette of the Agave plant.
Argentina Ceibo (Erythrina Crista-galli) The flower was adopted on December 2, 1942.
Armenia No National Flower Armenia is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet Republics.
Australia Golden Wattle (Acacia Pycnantha) September 1 is National Wattle Day (Each of Australia's territories is also represented by an official flower).
Austria Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum) The star-like flowers are short living perennials.
Azerbaijan Not Chosen any Flower. Azerbaijan was one of the first to declare independence of the country.
Bahamas Yellow Elder or Yellow Cedar (Tecoma Stans) The flowers bloom in late summer/early fall.
Bahrain No National Flower Bahrain is considered part of eastern Arabia.
Balearic Islands Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus) Carnations can be easily grown from cuttings.
Bangladesh Water Lily (Nymehaea Nouchali) Bangladesh adopted the flower in 1971.
Barbados Pride of Barbados, also known as Dwarf Poinciana & Flower Fence (Poinciana Pulcherrima) More common varieties of the flower are those with a fiery red and yellow "sunset color".
Belarus Flax (Linum Usitatissimum) The flowers last only until the heat of the mid-day sun hits them.
Belgium Red Poppy (Papaver Rhoeas) The flower is one of the easiest wildflowers to grow.
Belize Black Orchid (Trichoglottis Brachiata) Black Orchids acquired the name by virtue of their very dark intense color, which tends to be dark brown and maroon.
Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium Montanum) The Blue-eyed Grass is a member of the iris family.
Bhutan Blue poppy (Meconopsis Betonicifolia) The flower is native to the rocky mountain slopes of Tibet.
Bohemia Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris) The pale pink flowers bloom at the tips of the stems in summer.
Bolivia Kantuta (Cantua Buxifolia) The tubular flowers come in wild form, magenta, bicolor and subtile (slightly bicolored) varieties.
Brazil Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya Labiata) Cattleya orchids are commonly called "corsage orchids" as the blooms are frequently used in corsages due to their exceptional beauty and fragrance.
British Columbia Dogwood Tree Flower (Cornus Nuttalli) The four-petaled white flowers bloom in spring.
Bulgaria Rose (Rosa) Roses are more fragrant on a sunny day.
Canada Maple Leaf (Acer) Maple syrup is made from the sap of sugar maple trees.
Cayman Islands Wild Banana Orchid (Schomburgkia Thomsoniana) This orchid specie is found only in the Cayman Islands.
Chile Copihue/Chilean Bellflower (Lapageria Rosea) The Chilean Bellflower is best grown on a partially shady and sheltered wall.
China Plum Blossom (Prunus Mei) Plum Blossoms are the earliest blooms of the year, indicating the start of spring.
Colombia Christmas orchid (Cattleya Trianae) The Christmas orchid has a fetid smell.
Costa Rica Guaria Morada (Purple Orchid) (Cattleya Skinneri) The flower was adopted on June 15, 1939.
Croatia Iris Croatica (Hrvatska Perunika) It grows only in the northern and northwestern Croatia.
Cuba Butterfly Jasmine (Mariposa) The white Butterfly Jasmine is an endemic Jasmine specie.
Cyprus Rose (Rosa) The more fragrant the rose, the shorter it's vase life.
Czech Republic Rose (Rosa) Miniature roses were first developed in China.
Denmark Marguerite Daisy (Argyranthemum Frutescens) Marguerites produce large, single, daisy-like flowers most of the summer.

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List Of National Flowers by Country
Country National Flower Interesting Information
Ecuador Rose (Rosa) Named from the equator, which crosses the country.
Egypt Lotus (Nymphaea Lotus) The pure white lotus flower, the only plant to fruit and flower simultaneously.
Estonia Corn-flower or Bachelor's Button Centaurea (Cyanus) The flower was adopted on June 23, 1988.
Ethiopia Calla Lily The flower is a solitary, showy, funnel shaped unfurling spathe.
France Iris (Iris) Iris flowers have three petals often called the "standards", and three outer petal-like sepals called the "falls".
French Polynesia The Tiare (Gardenia Taitensis) The flower is especially symbolic of Tahiti. The Tiare Anei is the emblem of the isle of Vavau. The Tiare Apetahi is the emblem of Raiatea.
Finland Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria Majalis) The Lily of the Valley are mostly used in bridal arrangements because of their sweet perfume.
Germany Knapweed (Centaurea Cyanus) In Germany, it is custom for an unmarried person to wear this flower in the buttonhole.
Greece Bear's Breech (Acanthus Mollis) The fresh or dried flower spikes are used in floral arrangements.
Greenland Willow Herb (Epilobium) The name Willow-herb refers to the willow-like form of the leaves.
Guam Puti Tai Nobiu (Bougainvillea Spectabilis) The flowers of the bougainvillea can be of several different colors from pink to red, orange, white and yellow.
Guatemala White Nun Orchid or Monja Blanca (Lycaste Skinnerialba) The flower is a rare flower in the Verapaz district of Guatemala symbolizing peace, beauty and art.
Guyana Water Lily (Victoria Regia) The largest flowers can measure 10 inches to one foot in diameter
Holland (The Netherlands) Tulip (Tulipa) Tulip bulbs are a good substitute for onions in cooking.
Honduras Orchid (Brassavola Digbiana) The rose was the national flower of Honduras from 1946-1969.
Hong Kong Orchid (Bauhinia Blakeana) The flower is Calyx tubular with a corolla of five petals colored in deep purple.
Hungary Tulip (Tulipa) Tulip is the common name for between 50 and 150 species of the genus Tulipa in the lily family, Liliaceae.
Iceland Mountain Avens (Dryas Octopetala) The flowers are produced on stalks of up to 10 cm long, with eight creamy-white petals.
India Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera) The lotus is an aquatic perennial.
Indonesia 1) Melati (Jasmine) (Jasminum Sambac) 2) Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis Amabilis) 3) Rafflesia (Rafflesia Arnoldi Indonesia) Indonesia adopted the 3 flowers on June 5, 1990 to mark the World Environment Day
Iran Red Rose (Rosa) To make a dark red rose appear blacker, its stem can be put in water that has black ink in it.
Iraq Rose (Rosa) The rose is said to be originally from Persia and was introduced to the west by Alexander.
Ireland Shamrock Shamrock is the common name for several unrelated herbaceous plants with trifoliate leaves.
Israel No National Flower Israel is located in the Middle East.
Italy Stylized Lily Even the Iris is said to be the Flower Emblem of France.
Jamaica Lignum Vitae or Wood of Life (Guaiacum Sanctum) The flower is indigenous to Jamaica and was found by Christopher Columbus.
Japan Chrysanthemum (Imperial), Cherry Blossom Sakura The sakura trees are the subject of the annual National Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan
Jordan Black Iris (Iris Nigricans) The dark purple colored Iris has six petals, three which are drooping and three upright.
Laos Champa Flower(Calophyllum Inophyllum), also known as Plumeria. The attractive white flowers are scented and waxy.
Kazakhstan Lily(Lilium) serves as the Unofficial National Flower. Citizens are guaranteed free secondary education.
Kuwait Rhanterum Epapposum, locally called Arfaj. Have more than 10% estimated oil reserves of the world with it.
Kyrgyzstan Shyrdak Symbols of Kyrgyzstan and also the Tulip. The Kyrgyz came under tsarist Russian rule during the 19th century.
Latvia Oxeye Daisy, or Pipene (Leucanthemum Vulgare) The flower was earlier known as Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum
Lebanon No National Flower Cedar of Lebanon is the National Tree of Lebanon.

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List Of National Flowers by Country
Country National Flower Interesting Information
Liberia Pepper These are small, white, star-shaped flowers.
Libya Pomegranate blossom The flowers are with fiery red blossoms.
Lithuania Rue or Herb of Grace (Ruta graveolens) The Rue's fragrance is strong, characteristically aromatic and sweet.
Luxembourg Rose (Rosa) One of the most famous rose gardens was planted by Empress Josephine at the Chateau de la Malmaison in France on 1804.
Madagascar Poinciana (Delonix Regia) In early summer, the voluminous red blooms appear and hold for 4-8 weeks.
Maldives Pink Rose (Rosa) The oldest painting in the world depicts a five-petaled pink rose.
Malta The Maltese Centaury Paleocyanus Crasifoleus The flower was adopted in the early 1970s
Republic of Moldova No Flower has been Designated. Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its President in 2001.
New Zealand Kowhai Kowhai or botanically known as Sophora Microphylla, is a beautiful yellow or golden flower.
Paraguay Jasmine-of-the-Paraguay Jasmine flowers are white in most species.
Peru Kantuta, Inca magic flower Kantuta come in 4 varieties: wild form, Magenta, bicolor and Subtile.
Philippines Sampaguita (Jasminum Sambac) The flower blooms full-year and have white, small, dainty, star-shaped blossoms, which open at night and wilt in less than a day.
Poland Corn Poppy (Papaver Rhoeas) Corn Poppy or Red Poppy is the wild poppy of agricultural cultivation.
Portugal Lavender Used in cooking, the potency of the lavender flowers increase with drying.
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Hibiscus, or Flor de Maga (Montezuma Speciossisima) The common garden Hibiscus is also known in some areas as the "Rose of Althea" or "Rose of Sharon".
Republic of Molossia Common Sagebrush (Artemisia Tridentata) Common Sagebrush is very drought tolerant and needs good drainage.
Romania Dog Rose (Rosa Canina) The white or pink 5-petalled flowers are 4-6 cm across and come in clusters of 1-5.
Russia Camomile (Matricaria Recutita) The flower has an aromatic, fruity and floral fragrance.
San Marino Cyclamen (Cyclamen) The flowers are produced in whorls of 3-10, with each flower on a slender stem 3-12 cm tall with five united petals.
Scotland Thistle (Cirsium Altissimum) The thistle flower is a favorite flower among butterflies.
Seychelles Tropicbird Orchid These are sprays of white flowers with long spurs like the tails of tropicbirds.
Sicily Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus) The carnation is native to Eurasia and has been cultivated for more than 20 centuries.
Singapore Vanda Miss Joaquim Orchid The flower is a hybrid orchid between Vanda teres & Vanda hookeriana
Slovakia Rose (Rosa) The first historical reference of the rose is by the Sumerians from ancient Mesopotamia.
Slovenia Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus) Carnations can be propagated by planting young flowering shoots.
Spain Red carnation The National Flower of Spain is the Red Carnation.
Sri Lanka Nil Mahanel Water Lily (Nympheae Stellata) The flower, a blue water lily, was adopted on Feb. 26, 1986.
S. Africa Protea (Protea Cynaroides) The King protea is originally from the Cape Town area of South Africa.
S. Korea Rose of Sharon (Moogoonghwa) (Hibiscus Syriacus) Hibiscus Syriacus are pink-mauve single flowers having a dark magenta eye. The flower is not a rose, but its large exotic blossoms attract hummingbirds and tiny insects.
Sweden Linnea (Linnea Borealis) The flowers are pink, bell-like, very fragrant and grow in pairs.
Switzerland Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum) The flowers are starfish-like white, wooly blooms.
Syria Jasmine Jasmine flowers are generally white, although some species have yellow flowers.
Tahiti Tahitian Gardenia (Gardenia Taitensis) The flowers are fragrant and are good for cutting.
Taiwan (Republic of China) Plum blossom (Prunus Mei) Most plum blossoms have five petals and range in color from white to dark pink.
Thailand Ratchaphruek The color of the flower is shining yellow contrasting great importance.
Trinidad and Tobago Chaconia (Warszewiczia Coccinea) The flower is also known as the Pride of Trinidad & Tobago or Wild Poinsettia
Tonga Red-blossomed Heilala The Red-blossomed Heilala festival in Tonga is celebrated during the Heilala Festival every July 4.
Turkey Tulip (Tulipa) Tulips do not grow in the open or in tropical climates as they need cold winters to grow.
Turkmenistan Not yet selected any flower. Turkmenistan contains the fifth largest reserves of natural gas in the world.
Ukraine Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Most flower heads on a field of blooming sunflowers are turned towards the east, the direction of sun rise.
United States of America Rose (Rosa) The rose was officially adopted on November 20, 1986.
United Kingdom (England) Tudor Rose (Rosa) The Tudor Rose is a graphic design created by King Henry VII in 1485, with a red rose laid atop a white one.
United Kingdom (Wales) Leek (Babbingtons Leek), Daffodil (Narcissus Amaryllidaceae) The Leek and the Daffodil are both emblems of Wales. The national flower of Wales is usually considered to be the Daffodil. However, the Leek has even older associations as a traditional symbol of Wales - possibly because of its colors, white over green that echo the ancient Welsh flag.
Uruguay Ceibo Erythrina (Crista-Galli) Ceibo Erythrina are bright red flowers.
Uzbekistan Not selected any flower. Being one of the most populous countries of Central Asia.
Venezuela Orchid Orchids form the world's largest family of plants.
Virgin Islands Yellow Elder or Yellow Trumpet (Tecoma Stans) The yellow flowers have a very sweet fragrance and attract hummingbirds, butterflies and/or birds.
Yemen Arabian Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Individual coffee flowers are white, fragrant, with waxy, linear petals.
Yugoslavia Lily of the Valley (Convallaria Majalis) Lily of the Valley are fragrant bell shaped flowers.
Zimbabwe Flame Lily (Gloriosa Rothschildiana) The large, claw like flowers open yellow and red and then change to a rich claret edged with gold.

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